Taxstar organizes all of your Australian and US tax-related information throughout the year. Simply enter the details from your documentation and store the documents. At tax time send the Taxstar tax report to your tax agent or accountant. Taxstar supports Australian and US taxpayers to organise their tax-related information during the year and then to provide a standardised, consolidated report of the data to the tax accountant or return preparer at tax time. US support covers most of the important elements but is not 100% coverage. Feedback is encouraged via the Taxstar web site to let us know where we need to add further support. Note the quoted cost of $11(US) is slightly overstated, depending on the current exchange rate between the US and Australian dollar. Cost is $10(Australian).
What is new in this release:
Initial support for US taxpayers. Will be fleshed out further in later releases. Some minor UI updates as we move towards multiple platform support.
Microsoft .NET Framework 3.5, Windows XP 64-bit, PDF reader for report
60-day trial, limited functionality (minor restrictions)
Some studies have indicated that the Horned Larks (Eremophila alpestris) should be considered as a species complex. Recently it split into four species or clades and seven subclades based on genetic, morphological, and biogeographic data. However, other aspects like song divergence have not been studied and several subspecies have not been evaluated, leading to important information gaps in this group of birds. In this work, we aimed to assess the differences in song traits and playback response between the Nearctic subclade and the Neotropical or Colombian subspecies E. a. peregrina.
We compared six song traits between these groups and performed field playback experiments, to test the response of the Neotropical larks to both songs. We tested the difference in the variables for separate as well as by principal component analysis (PCA).
We found significant differences (p < 0.05) in the individual song traits and the PCA analysis between the two groups. Further, the PCA analysis showed a clearer divergence of the Neotropical songs in comparison to the Nearctic songs of different locations within North America. Similarly, the playback analysis showed a significantly lower response of E. a. peregrina to the songs of the Nearctic larks.
Besides this song divergence, there are important ecological and biogeographic differences between the Neotropical and Nearctic Horned Larks, that indicate an unclear relationship between these two groups. Thus, further morphological and genetic studies are required to clarify the taxonomy of the Neotropical Horned Lark and define if they share the same evolutionary history as the other subspecies of the Nearctic subclade.
If you are reading this you already know that DSD files (DSF and/or DFF) have rather big sizes and large collections of these require plenty disk space. Although the cost of HDDs is relatively low, it can be a problem for some people like those who want to migrate to expensive in terms of GB/$ SSD disks, those who use laptops and don’t want to carry additional external drives or those who can’t afford additional or higher capacity HDDs.
Lossless compression of PCM files with FLAC, ALAC or WavPack has been abailable for quite long but until now, the only possible way to reduce the DSD files’ footprint was using Philips’ DST software to compress DFF files. The problem with this method is that; the software is “Pro” use focused and unavailable to most users, needs very powerful processors both for compressing and for playing back and also the resulting DFF files have very poor tagging capabilities compared to DSF or other formats like FLAC, MP3, etc.
The latest Wavpack version 5.x changes this situation making it now possible to losslessly compress (ie. the compression is reversible without any loss) DSF and DFF files for free by up to 60% depending on source file and compression rate used. The resulting .wv file will play as 24/352 PCM in any Wavpack compliant media players and as “native” DSD in Foobar with SACD plugin 1.04 or later or MPD (Music Player Daemon.